Thursday, May 17, 2007

Introducing SOCSO

Many employees are exposed to various risks that cause hardship in their lives. Accidents that result in disablement or death, occupational diseases and others not only results in problems to the employee but also affects the lives of the dependents. Employees have to be protected by social insurance to reduce the sufferings and to provide financial help and guarantee to the family as a whole.

Purpose of SOCSO
The purpose of SOCSO is to provide security and protection, as well as a just, accurate, timely and quality service economically to all employees, their dependents and their employers. SOCSO aims to:

pic_dot pay temporary disablement benefits (first payment) to injured employees within a month
pic_dot pay disablement benefits (first payment) and constant attendance allowance to all injured employees within 3 months
pic_dot pay dependents benefits (first payment) to dependents within 3 months
pic_dot pay invalidity pension (first payment)/ invalidity grant/ constant attendance allowance to employees who qualify within a period of 3 months
pic_dot pay survivor's pension (first payment) to dependents within a period of 3 months
pic_dot pay funeral benefits to eligible dependents of deceased person within 15 days

Registering with SOCSO
Employers are required to fill Form 1 (Employer Registration Form) and Form 2 (Employee Registration Form) for registration with SOCSO. SOCSO will then issue a employers code number to be used in all correspondence with the company.

Employer
Principal employer- This refers to an employer who has employed the employee directly to work for him. The employer undertakes the payment of wages and all the service matters of the employee.

Immediate employer- This refers to an employer who works for a principal employer or undertakes part of the work of the principal employer by sub-contract. The immediate employer has direct control of the employees employed by him.

The principal and immediate employer who employs one or more employees is required to register and contribute monthly for all employees. The principle employer is also liable to ensure that all employees employed by the immediate employer have to be registered and their contributions paid. In the event that the employees have not been registered and the immediate employer cannot be located, the principal employer is liable under the Social Security Act 1969 for all contributions.

Employee
A person employed under a contract of service or apprenticeship is an employee under the Act. It is compulsory for an employee earning a monthly wage of less than RM2000 to make contributions to SOCSO. What happens with an employee earning a monthly wage of more than RM2000?

There are 2 situations regarding this matter. They are:

pic_dot Employees who previously registered with and have contributed to SOCSO must compulsorily continue to contribute even if their present wage exceeds RM2000 monthly. The employees must be protected in line with the principle of "once covered, always covered" to preserve their rights accumulated under the Invalidity Pension Scheme.
pic_dot Employees who receive a monthly wage exceeding RM2000 and who have not previously registered or paid contributions to SOCSO are given an option to be covered under the Act. Both the employer and employee have to consent to the coverage by filling in the necessary forms.

Are all employees eligible for SOCSO coverage?
All employees eligible for coverage under the Act must register and contribute to SOCSO irrespective of employment status, whether permanent, temporary or casual in nature. However, certain categories of employment are exempted from coverage, namely:

pic_dot Government service
pic_dot Domestic servants
pic_dot Self- employed persons
pic_dot Foreign workers (exempted since April 1st, 1993)

Is the age of the employee a factor?
All employees must be registered irrespective of their age. However, employees who exceed age 55 will continue to be protected under the employment injury scheme if they continue to be employed after that age. Only the employer shall contribute to SOCSO for such employees.

Is this scheme compulsory?
This is a compulsory scheme. Employers must cover their employees even if they have other private insurance coverage for them. Employees are eligible for all benefits from SOCSO and compensation under any private insurance policy in the event of an accident.

Contribution
The principal employer must make a monthly contribution for each eligible employee according to the rates specified under the Act. The employee's share of 0.5% of wages should be paid for coverage under the Invalidity Pension Scheme while the employer pays 1.75% for the Employment Injury Insurance Scheme and the Invalidity Pension Scheme.

Types and categories of contribution:

pic_dot The first category: Employment Injury Insurance Scheme and Invalidity Pension Scheme. The payment of the contribution is by both the employer and employee.
pic_dot The second category: Employment Injury Insurance Scheme Only. The payment of contributions is made only by the employer, i.e. for an employee who is not eligible for coverage under the Invalidity Pension Scheme.

Defining 'wages'
All remuneration payable in money to an employee is wages for purposes of SOCSO contributions. This includes the following payments:

pic_dot Salary
pic_dot Overtime payments
pic_dot Commissions and service charge
pic_dot Payments for leave, annual leave, maternity, rest day, public holidays and other
pic_dot Allowances, incentives, shifts, food, cost of living, housing and others

All payments made to an employee paid at an hourly rate, daily rate, weekly rate, piece or task rate is considered as wages, except the below:

pic_dot Payments by an employer to any statutory fund for employees
pic_dot Mileage claims
pic_dot Gratuity payments or payments for dismissal or retrenchments
pic_dot Annual bonus

Coverage
SOCSO provides protection to eligible employees through two schemes namely the Employment Injury Insurance Scheme and the Invalidity Pension Scheme.

Employment Injury Insurance Scheme
The scheme provides an employee with protection for accidents that occur while:

pic_dot Traveling (commuting accident)
pic_dot Arising out of and in the course of employment
pic_dot Occupational diseases

What are the benefits provided under the scheme? The benefits provided are:

pic_dot Medical benefit
pic_dot Temporary disablement benefit
pic_dot Permenant disablement benefit
pic_dot Constant dependent benefit
pic_dot Dependent's benefit
pic_dot Funeral benefit
pic_dot Rehabilitation benefit
pic_dot Education benefit

Has your employer registered you with SOCSO?
Each employee registered with SOCSO will be given a Social Security Registered Number. If your employer has not registered you, please contact the SOCSO Office nearest to you. For more information, please contact:

Pertubuhan Keselamatan Sosial (PERKESO)
Menara PERKESO,
Lot 281, Jalan Ampang,
50538 Kuala Lumpur.

General Line: 03-4253 5320
Call Center: 03-4257 5755

E-mail: perkeso@perkeso.gov.my
Website: www.perkeso.gov.my

1 comment:

Azrie Azman said...

Sy ingin bertanya.. Sy kemalangan dalam bulan februari sehingga hari ini saya masih tidak dapat berkerja kerana peha kanan saya telah patah dan di masukan besi ke dalam tulang.. Jadi jika saya bagaimanakah jika saya hendak menggunakan socso? Apa dokumen yang diperlukan?